Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Character Analysis Of One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest - Free Essay Example

The evaluation of the narrative One Flew over the Cuckoos Nest by Ken Kesey through character analysis shows the theme of power and individual suppression (Foley, 31). Through the characters, it is clear that power has strength; depending on who might be holding it, who doesnt hold it, who is yearning for it, who is potentially losing it, how those owning and holding it can utilize it in manipulating and intimidation, and for what purpose. The concept of how it can be subverted and disrupted, denied, challenged, and assumed is presented through the story through the different characters.   The paper is going to address and evaluate the theme of power or the strength associated with silence and speech as different individuals can use these two attributes to gain an advantage in their power struggle periods. The paper is also going to address the different characters in the story and how the author used them to show that and prove the notion that the greatest power is never held in silence or speech alone, but through an effective combination of the two. The characters in the novel show that once power is misused, it results in the imposition of actions and feelings to others. Chief Bromden The author uses him as the story narrator as well as a patient in a hospital for mental health individuals located near Portland in Oregon (enotes.com). He is a Native American with six feet, and approximately eight inches is regarded most powerful and largest and physically strong in his hospital ward. Other patients present in the ward called him Chief Broom simply because he could spend almost entirely the whole time sweeping the floor. Through the power of the Big Nurse (Nurse Ratched), he was forced and subjected to numerous electroshock treatments over his hospital years. He depended on a sedative to deal and subdue the fears and estrangement feelings from those around him. He refused to utter any word thereby convincing everyone who knew him he was deaf. The author uses him by considering his perception that the mental hospital was used as huge American Combine forcing men into prescribed and confinement behavior in which they were reduced to impotent automation. He sees Nurse Ratched the leading Combines evil as she castrated agents against her and who were self-destructive and futile to handle. Randle McMurphy Randle McMurphy is a patient in the mental hospital and was transferred from Pendleton Farm of Correction by the government through the state for possible and diagnosis treatment. He reflects that he feigned and faked psychosis to ensure he is not subjected to physical labor from the correction center (enotes.com). He enters the hospital aged 35 years with a definite history in barroom fights and street arrests, drunkenness, and peace disturbance as well as statutory rape. He is ever talking, thigh-slapping, and a jovial storyteller and he is fiercely independent serving defiant role model for the other ward-patients. From the time he joined the hospital and concluded it is run by the totalitarian Nurse Big and her black counterpart attendants, he swears and devotes to lower the nurses power over the men in the ward. He wanted to implement and embrace a democratic governance system. Although McMurphy relatively wins significant fights against her, she ultimately possesses the officia l power in destroying him by using lobotomy and electroshock mechanisms. His indomitable spirit outlived his consciousness as he effectively created discipline route for Chief Bromden. Nurse Ratched She was commonly called Big Nurse since she headed the acute ward in the mental hospital. She entirely relied on rules and regulations with full expectations that every patient would follow. Ratched was as steel-cold, unyielding, and mechanical just as her identity suggested and she fully controlled her ward, so that is takes-after a smooth-running, accurate, and an efficient machine. To ensure her patients remain predictable and obedient, she treats them as naughty children and browbeating them as well as ensuring they are spies on each other and give a report back (Kesey, 381). She used this mechanism to subject trouble makers to lobotomies in extreme cases and electroshock treatments. An example is the case of McMurphy who she subjected to both treatments as a way to punish and eventually destroy him. Her tormenting influence to the other patients is too extreme that Ratched was unable to tolerate. His continuous ribald humor senses make the patients laugh reminding them their lif e endeavors which have been shadowed by oppressive rules, sedatives, and fear; making them feel guilty of spying each other, making them perceive the pretense of Ratched as a democrat as a dictatorship. He offers them unfettered potential glimpse showing them Ratched hid her humanness fallible beneath tyrannical demeanor. She wanted to destroy McMurphy for his antithesis to her ward vision perspective, world, and hospital. Dale Harding He is considered the most educated patient admitted on the acute ward as he portrays extreme articulate attributes. On his marriage, he has suffered impotence, and he feared of being a homosexual. Dale was often racked by paranoia and insecurities which entirely Nurse Ratched exacerbated verbally day-in-day-out to ensure she manipulated and controlled him. Even though he considerably spent time in convincing himself that the nurse was giving some help to him to become health, McMurphys manipulation and influence on the ward compelled Harding to uphold honest about Retched and himself (Kesey, 75). The social pressure outside the society has really crippled him. Although he is married, his preference is committing himself to the mental hospital rather than facing the wrath and prejudice of his wife. After Nurse Ratched lobotomized McMurphy, Harding leaves the ward paving the way for those cured patients to check out also. Hardings re-emergence and development of self-individuality sign aled how successful MucMurphys protagonist to Ratched worked. Billy Bibbit He is aged 31 years, and his crippling domination through his mother is conspicuously and acutely shown in the hospital. He portrays shyness as a patient and has bad stutter making him look much younger as compared to his age. He is a receptionist in the hospital, and shockingly Nurse Ratched is his neighbor and close friend. His presence in the hospital is voluntary as he fears the outside society. Nurse Ratched takes the advantage of this closeness to control Billy as she habitually every time threatens to report his behavior to his mother. Towards the end of the story, he commits suicide because of these threats after he was caught by Big Nurse with a prostitute enjoying sexual encounter for the first time. Billy took part in establishing McMurphy a super hero or an alpha male (Abbara, et al., 278). Nurse Ratched and McMurphy These characters are used by Ken Kesey as madness victims to portray conformity of power. The tyrannical attack on instrumental rationality through these two characters imposes conformity thereby dismissing individuality are seen as insanity forms (canadausa.ne). They dont portray this solely by submitting to hyper-masculinity and tyrannical femininity as they followed institutional roles of inmate and employee. The nurses professional smile is a painted one concealing true emotions. Her artificial smiles can be said to reflect emotional labor in service transactions. McMurphy teaches the other inmates to replace and resist imposed identity articulate to social conventions and at the same time nurture and treasure their voices. Murphy shows the character of an undivided man as he doesnt maneuver from private to public selves showing he merely remains a public performance. The following minor actors played important roles in the story. For instance, Warren, Washington, Williams, and Geever were hospital aides. They were hired by Nurse Ratched as they were full of hatred and easily submitted completely to her wishes. Warren, Williams, and Washington were Ratcheds daytime aides while only Geever attended the night shift. Doctor Spivey was chosen by Nurse Big to attend patients in her ward since he was easily dominated and cowed just like the patients. He was mil-mannered addicted to opiates and supported McMurphy in unusual carnival plans. Charles Cheswick supported McMurphys protagonist to Nurse Ratched. He did little action but talked much and eventually drowned on the pool by committing suicide as McMurphy didnt return the favor of supporting him when he rebelled against Ratched. Candy Starr was carefree and a beautiful Portland prostitute. She accompanied McMurphy and the patient crew on the fishing trip and later attends the late-night party arranged by McMurphy. Chief Tee Ah Millatoona is Bromdens father who was nicknamed The Pine That Stands Tallest on the Mountain. He was the Columbia Indians chief married to Caucasian woman taking her last name. Her wife made him made him become alcoholic and feel small. The submission and marriage to the white woman made a complete statement regarding the oppression the natural order is deprived off by the so-called modern society. It also reflected the whites encroachment on the Native Americans. Rawler was a patient in the hospital but on (Disturbed ward) and ended up committing suicide by cutting off his testicles (Kesey, 270). The castration symbolized the psychological emasculation the patients were subjected to routinely. This is because they didnt possess the power to defend themselves. In conclusion, everyone at one point of his/her live feels out of place or different. This is because everyone may have faced a bully or that individual they didnt wish to be around them. The discussed characters show the daily situations one faces. Through the discussed characters, several themes like individual oppression, racism, freedom, and power are surfaced and how they impact our daily operations in society. Some people believe staying in society is difficult and are unable to fend themselves hence they require someone to control them. Some individuals turn against their lifestyles and force change amendments. Through the characters, individuality and agency are explored in the binaries world. The characters trying to transcend the binaries dont escape the conformity of social trap. Works Cited Representation of madness in Keseys One flew over the cuckoos nest. Retrieved on 27th of November 2018 from https://www.canadausa.net/representation-of-madness-keseys-one-flew-over-the-cuckoos-nest One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest Characters. Retrieved on 27th of November 2018 from https://www.enotes.com/topics/one-flew/characters Foley, Andrew. Allegories of freedom: Individual liberty and social conformity in Ken Keseys one flew over the Cuckoos Nest.Journal of Literary Studies17.1-2 (2001): 31-57.   Kesey Ken. One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest. London: Penguin Books, 2005 Abbara, Aula, Huda Al-Hadithy. One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest. Student BMJ 14 (2006)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Study On Birth Control - 983 Words

# 1. Question 10. Learning of the many different birth control methods was truly interesting to me. This chapter opened my eyes to many birth control options that my doctor had never before offered to me. One example of a birth control method that was particularly interesting was the diaphragm. I heard of diaphragms on older television sitcoms like, Roseanne and Seinfeld, but never had encountered someone that knew anything about them. I now question why my doctor did not offer this hormone free birth control method, or any of the other hormone free options discussed in the text to me when I began to wean my daughter from being exclusively breastfed. Learning that it was the modern version of ancient Greece’s empty pomegranate halves was slightly comical. Learning of different sexual responses was interesting. The portion that covered orgasms and if women could ejaculate was the most interesting sub-topic. My friends and I had wondered amongst ourselves if it was true that a woman could have a powerful fluid ejaculation. I was certain that because no one in my chosen peer group had never experienced a fluid ejaculation that it simply did not happen. This section of the text was able to put my question to rest, as well as explain the different results of orgasm that a woman can experience. The advice given on how to talk with my child about sex, will be the area of this class with the most lasting impact. My parents never discussed sex or anything even close to theShow MoreRelatedA Case Control Study On Birth Defects843 Words   |  4 PagesIn 2002, a case-control study was started in Brittanny, France. The candidates were women who were well into their second trimester (Douglas). Out of this study, they concluded that 79 out of the 580 babies were born with birth defects (Douglas). The mothers were questioned about their home lives and their hobbies, along with their occupation. 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It is important to note that although in 1920 information about birth control strategies were banned from reachingRead MoreThe Effect Of Maternal Prenatal Stress On Growth Of Fspring Essay1450 Words   |  6 Pagesvariety of adverse effects on the developing fetus. The results of this study are slightly different from that of the previous research. The previous research has failed to show that children development, especially weight and bone development, are affected by maternal stress even after they are born. The researchers’ intention is to show that maternal stress is a factor that contributes to low birth weight and preterm birth. Therefore, it’s important that people understand the effect of stress on

Differring Religions In Todays Essay Example For Students

Differring Religions In Todays Essay Differring Religions By: Jay Fran Each religious group possesses its own individual world- view. Two groups, which vary a great deal when reflecting upon their world-views are the Native Americans and the Puritans. While one group holds one set of standards and beliefs to be true, the other group abides by a completely opposite set of ideas. The Native American religion functions using its own world view. Unlike in Western religions, the Native American religion does not have certain places in which they need to be more religious than others do. In the Native American religion there is no notion of essential monotheism. There is no one true god in their religion; therefore they are free to have open-ended worship. The Native American religion is also made up of a pluralist belief. This means that different tribes have different myths and rituals, although they are all part of the same religion. In the handout, Franciscans and Indian Revolt, the idea that the world-view of Native American religion differs from many others is evident. The main conflict in this reading is that men dominate most positions in religious power. The Shaman, the Native American religious leader, manipulated the people through rituals and trances. He was said to possess supernatural powers. The Shaman was both feared and admired by the Native Americans. He was known to have the ability to either heal a sick man, or kill him. It was these types of powers, which set him apart from the Jesuit priest in the reading. Originally the Native Americans despised the entire Jesuit religion. The hated their clothing, their ideas, the way they went about their lives, etc. However, the Jesuits immunity to disease made the Native Americans take notice of them. It was through this that they began to admire their powers. The Native Americans saw the Jesuits as sorcerers, just as the Jesuits saw them. The Jesuits ritual of baptism made the Indians believe that Jesuits had the power to kill people with water. The Jesuits were also able to read and write, which greatly impressed the Native Americans. In the reading French Views of Native Americans, the Native-Americans are described as they are I say, savage, haunting the woods, ignorant, lawless and rude. They reading continues to go on referring to them as wanderers and basically a senseless use of human life. The French formed these opinions of the Native Americans when they went to them to try and convert them to Catholicism. The Native Americans had difficulty acquiring the new language, which left the French men angry and frustrated. This entire reading explains why the French men have such a great hatred of the Native Americans, however they will continue to try to convert the Native American people to Christian and Catholic belief. Many of the world-views of the Native American religion are quite different from those of the Puritans. The Puritan religion was once the central part of American identity. Unlike the Native Americans, the Puritans were a highly intellectual group. They had systems of meticulously written doctrines concerning the Renaissance. The Puritans also had a sense of adventure, which serves a higher intent. By having this characteristic they seek to create a better society. This is the opposite of what the French believed the Native Americans to be doing. According to the French reading they are wanderers, with nothing to attach them to a place, neither homes nor relationships, neither possessions nor love of country. This description is on the opposite end of the spectrum from the Puritan life. .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .postImageUrl , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:hover , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:visited , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:active { border:0!important; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:active , .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8a09e2be0b5f7734aed7f2919144515c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Health Care Reform Essay The Puritans attribute their want for a better society to their pioneering spirit. They had the courage to come from England and settle their families in a new place and begin an entire new life with no guarantee of success. Puritans focus their religious beliefs around the notion of the covenant. This is yet another example of the difference between Puritan and Native American world-views. The Native Americans do not have one central ideal to follow, nor one God to praise. The covenant is the basic doctrine of Puritan experience. It is the notion that God makes people his own good people. There are three

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Management Practices Traditional vs Modern Innovative Essay Example

Management Practices Traditional vs Modern Innovative Essay In last many old ages, few direction accounting inventions has been developed. Directors have to do determination on a day-to-day footing every bit good do determinations sing the hereafter and how to last and turn in an energetic market topographic point with of all time turning unsure fortunes. Traditional or modern direction accounting system give relevant information to all degrees of direction, fiscal and other information to do determinations about planning, control of operations and placing chances to add value. The modern direction accounting pattern are typically different from that of traditional direction accounting as they enable directors to do sound determinations to minimise cost every bit good in the same clip add value to the merchandises and services by bettering the quality of merchandises, which is required by the clients, and cut down waste. In add-on, the modern direction accounting systems allow the administration as whole to develop the advanced capacity of the administration and flexibleness so that it can continually alter and better public presentation financially every bit good in its non fiscal countries of public presentation. Traditional vs. Modern Innovative We will write a custom essay sample on Management Practices Traditional vs Modern Innovative specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Management Practices Traditional vs Modern Innovative specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Management Practices Traditional vs Modern Innovative specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Traditional will concentrate on cost control and, in peculiar, what is recognized as variance analysis and which involves measuring forecast results with existent results for illustration for costs such as stuffs and labor. The types of activity, hence, that direction comptrollers have traditionally involved themselves with include: †¢ Cost analysis †¢ Cost control †¢ Budget readying †¢ Budgetary control processes †¢ Cost/benefit analysis †¢ Investment assessment. More modern, innovative attacks include enterprises such as: †¢ Business procedure re-engineering: This is about rethinking and re-designing concern procedures as a agency of cut downing costs and bettering bringing †¢ Zero-based budgeting: re-thinking budgets in a manner that engage warranting and prioritizing all points of outgo †¢ Activity-based direction: looking at what really causes costs to be incurred, and being better able to calculate and command costs †¢ Life rhythm costing: sing a merchandise s costs over its full life rhythm ( instead than merely, for illustration, the initial edifice costs ) †¢ Total quality direction: the procedure of uninterrupted quality betterment †¢ beyond budgeting : a challenge to traditional budgeting techniques via the usage of more flexible and broad ranging procedures †¢ Balanced scorecards: the usage of cardinal public presentation indexs within four different positions fiscal, client, internal concern procedure and learning/growth. Non fiscal public presentation measuring approached gained impulse as a consequence of dissatisfaction with the traditional techniques such as balance sheets and income statement, as engineering increasing and increasing planetary competition, companies able to acknowledge better their mistake and might to better their bing capablenesss and make new 1s the most successful of these being Economic Value Added ( EVA ) . Initially Return on Investment ( ROI ) was used to enhancement the intuition and penetration of directors. It was used to direct down the end for division directors to run into from corporate office. Since directors reward and endorsement chances depended on the ability to run into marks, these nucleus directors has a strong inducement to set their information consequently. Some concerns have built accounting instruction faculties for their directors that help them acknowledge the elaborate information they get. Management comptrollers have a critical duty in fixing and administering preparation stuffs. Nowadays multifaceted managerial milieus proficient maps, peculiarly accounting, need to go more than providers of information. They must turn into a sort of an educating where directors can obtain preparation. So far in legion organisations, comptrollers are excessively feverish to turn out to be teachers and internal wages systems likely depress such public presentations. As the scope of direction accounting messages enlarge to incorporate non-financial presentation indexs, direction comptrollers get an extra challenge. Many directors have complexnesss visualising the cause and ensue relationships that connect cost drivers to fiscal returns. Yet this is the cardinal information needed to pull off value, and instruction is on a regular basis required to assist directors acknowledge improved the ground and consequence dealingss that cause stockholder value. Increasing functional country means that directors are of all time more degage from stockholder values. Many directors are strongly devoted to the association without being dedicated to the fiscal purpose that drives it. Management comptrollers have a duty to take portion in transfusing fiscal control and delegating fiscal values to non-financial directors. One technique is to necessitate operating directors ( instead than comptrollers ) to consistently form and show the fiscal survey of their industry unit. At the similar juncture that the direction accounting function must pay great sum of attending to the efficiency of its interior substructure procedures, other demands are happening. There is lifting force per unit area to diminish on the whole cost of the finance map as a fraction of grosss. There are bit by bit more clip devouring demands for more comprehensive external coverage. While these concluding ends are critical and must be achieved, puting the precedency there merely hike the hazard that internal accounting communications will be unsuccessful to acquire their aims and that direction accounting system modify will be farther postponed. Decision As discussed above, the modern direction accounting relevant to modern organisational direction issues as good rectify and reform the traditional direction accounting patterns to do determinations and specialized determinations based on relevant fiscal and non-financial information depending on the nature of activities, size, external fortunes and market conditions, client profiles, organisational human resource issues, structural issues. Even the modern direction accounting is non extra but can be wholly different. As good, some are more appropriate to assorted organisations and some are non, given the internal direction patterns, size of organisations, top direction support, human resource patterns. Organizational structural issues, employee motivational factors, centralisation decentalisation issues. In other words, before sing implementing modern direction accounting patterns the direction must hold a feasibleness survey sing the above issues and measure the cost and benefit of the systems in fiscal and non-financial footings. Otherwise the benefits are applied without through rating and committedness by top direction, therefore the benefits of these patterns will non be realized to the full. If carefully considered based on adequate facts and non on emotions, so the modern direction accounting with other schemes will surely helpful for direction to do sound determinations and hence contribute to the success of th e organisation than the traditional direction accounting patterns.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Probability of a Large Straight in Yahtzee in One Roll

Probability of a Large Straight in Yahtzee in One Roll Yahtzee is a dice game that uses five standard six-sided dice. On each turn, players are given three rolls to obtain several different objectives. After each roll, a player may decide which of the dice (if any) are to be retained and which are to be rerolled. The objectives include a variety of different kinds of combinations, many of which are taken from poker. Every different kind of combination is worth a different amount of points. Two of the types of combinations that players must roll are called straights: a small straight and a large straight. Like poker straights, these combinations consist of sequential dice. Small straights employ four of the five dice and large straights use all five dice. Due to the randomness of the rolling of dice, probability can be used to analyze how likely it is to roll a large straight in a single roll. Assumptions We assume that the dice used are fair and independent of one another. Thus there is a uniform sample space consisting of all possible rolls of the five dice. Although Yahtzee allows three rolls, for simplicity we will only consider the case that we obtain a large straight in a single roll. Sample Space Since we are working with a uniform sample space, the calculation of our probability becomes a calculation of a couple of counting problems. The probability of a straight is the number of ways to roll a straight, divided by the number of outcomes in the sample space. It is very easy to count the number of outcomes in the sample space. We are rolling five dice and each of these dice can have one of six different outcomes. A basic application of the multiplication principle tells us that the sample space has 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 65 7776 outcomes. This number will be the denominator of all of the fractions that we use for our probabilities. Number of Straights Next, we need to know how many ways there are to roll a large straight. This is more difficult than calculating the size of the sample space. The reason why this is harder is because there is more subtlety in how we count. A large straight is harder to roll than a small straight, but it is easier to count the number of ways of rolling a large straight than the number of ways of rolling a small straight. This type of straight consists of five sequential numbers. Since there are only six different numbers on the dice, there are only two possible large straights: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}. Now we determine the different number of ways to roll a particular set of dice that give us a straight. For a large straight with the dice {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} we can have the dice in any order. So the following are different ways of rolling the same straight: 1, 2, 3, 4, 55, 4, 3, 2, 11, 3, 5, 2, 4 It would be tedious to list all of the possible ways to get a 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Since we only need to know how many ways there are to do this, we can use some basic counting techniques. We note that all that we are doing is permuting the five dice. There are 5! 120 ways of doing this. Since there are two combinations of dice to make a large straight and 120 ways to roll each of these, there are 2 x 120 240 ways to roll a large straight. Probability Now the probability of rolling a large straight is a simple division calculation. Since there are 240 ways to roll a large straight in a single roll and there are 7776 rolls of five dice possible, the probability of rolling a large straight is 240/7776, which is close to 1/32 and 3.1%. Of course, it is more likely than not that the first roll is not a straight. If this is the case, then we are allowed two more rolls making a straight much more likely. The probability of this is much more complicated to determine because of all of the possible situations that would need to be considered.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

A Study On Sharing The Wealth Philosophy Essay

A Study On Sharing The Wealth Philosophy Essay There are many people in the world who are currently living in horrible conditions that include malnutrition, hunger, and polluted drinking water. While these people are living in such horrible conditions, I am living a comfortable life and have a habit of taking advantage of certain luxuries that are available to me, but not to someone living in such unfortunate conditions. If a global tax was instated in an attempt to end hunger by contributing a mere one dollar a week, then I would be more than willing to support this movement. There are some others who would agree to and support this tax, but there are also some who disagree with this tax. Different individuals who would have varying opinions on this idea for a global tax are Thomas Pogge, John McMillian, Peter Singer, and Garrett Hardin. Thomas Pogge, as shown in his essay, â€Å"World Poverty and Human Rights,† would seem to agree with the notion of a global tax to help aid those in need. He writes that we have duties, â€Å"not to expose people to life-threatening poverty and duties to shield them from harms for which we would be actively responsible† (Pogge 319). In other words, he believes that those who live in wealthier nations should not allow other people to fall to illnesses if they can afford not to. This would include leaving people to just starve when one can contribute a small portion of our funds to them. Pogge also discusses the topic of how richer countries, such as the United States, strip these poorer areas of their own natural resources. He does mention that these countries to pay for it, but there is a problem with this payment. â€Å"The payments we make for resource imports go to the rulers of the resource-rich countries, with no concern about whether they are democratically elected or at least minimally attentive to the needs to the people they rule† (Pogge 320). Although the richer nations may be paying for the resources they take away, they are paying to leade rs who may not share this payment fairly with those that they rule. With this idea in mind, perhaps Pogge would be even more supportive of this global tax if it could be guaranteed that the funds from the tax would be placed in the correct hands and those who need it will actually receive it. Peter Singer is another person who would agree to this notion of a global tax– to an extent. In his essay, â€Å"World Poverty and Hunger,† he states that, â€Å"I (Singer) begin with the assumption that suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad† (Singer 332). It would be an obvious conclusion to come to from this that he would agree that everyone (who can afford to do so) contributing something to people who are suffering from those things would be a good thing. This is ratified when he states that, â€Å"if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, with-out thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ou ght, morally, to do it† (Singer 332). Again, this would lead to the conclusion that he would be in favor of this tax.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

PEST Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words

PEST Analysis - Essay Example Insecticides and pesticides are being sprayed extensively on crops without any notice and thus result in a number of medical problems. People suffer from digestion related issues, a number of carcinomas also take their origin from such chemically treated food products. As cited by Dich,  Zahm,  Hanberg and  Adami (1997), arsenic being used in these chemicals has been labeled as the potential carcinogen for humans by International Agency of Research on Cancer. Not only have the crops taken the toll, but the animal husbandry and dairy farming has also been suffering from the consequences over the past few decades. In short there is a dire need for a drastic change that will rid the mankind of this curse of chemicals and artificial products and this is where companies like Eden Food step in. As the changing trends introduced to the modern customer the organic food products, a ray of hope was seen. Organic food according to FDA as cited by Food Marketing Institute (2012) can be def ined by taking into consideration that the word organic does not simply refer to the food but also gives an indication as to how it has been produced. It must be noted that such food is different from natural food and also it must not be subject to any amount of irradiation whatsoever. Companies like Eden Food are a way out for the people seeking healthy, environment friendly food which is palatable too. As the awareness of the health conscious clientele is increasing, more questions arise and it becomes imperative for the industries and businesses to be more vigilant in their approach. Luckily enough Eden Foods has been able to cope up with the challenge it is made to face with and there have been introduced a wide variety of organic food products for the customers to choose from. With every passing day, the market for organic food and especially Eden Foods is growing by leaps and bounds. According to the Federal Marketing Institute as cited by Cook (2004), a study conducted in 200 0 showed that the global market for organic food was at an estimated 20 million dollars with USA accounting for 39% of it. In short, with the ever increasing demand of a healthy living, the responsibility on the food industry increases manifold and there is a dire need placed in front of Eden Foods to match the demands of the customers if successful business is to be managed in the long run. Procedure working of the product chosen As has been the trend observed over the past several decades, the third world countries are introduced to a new product when some time has been elapsed after the introduction of the same product in the markets of the first world countries. On the same basic principle it has been observed that the trend of organic foods in the first world traces back to the 80s and 90s, whereas the poorer states of the world are now being introduced to this concept and it is comparatively novel for them. On the other hand, when the needs of the two groups of countries are c ompared, it is seen that the people residing in the third world countries are more in need of pure and healthy food free from contaminants and artificial chemicals. These people are faced with the problems of unhealthy and unsanitary drinking water and the living conditions in general are not as refined as in the first world states (Gadgil, 1998). For that matter, the whole chiaroscuro of unhealthy lifestyle is evident in the form of malnutrition, more gastro